Indian farmers cultivate groundnut as an oilseed crop, which means they use it for its nutritious oil. Primarily the peanut farming is done mainly in the subtropical and tropical regions and is one of the most beneficial commercial crops. It also has grateful results in small scale business farming. India is the second-largest producer of groundnuts after China in the world.
Because of its nutritious oil, it has broader market potential. You can get sufficient calories, vitamin E and several components of vitamin B. In addition, it has a good quantity of dietary minerals like manganese, magnesium and Phosphorus, and good dietary fibre content. Peanuts are used in culinary preparation due to this much nutritious value through roasting, making nutritious flour, and getting healthy oil from peanuts.
Peanuts are one of the annual herbaceous crops that grow up to 50 Cm in height. Peanut seeds are mainly used for edible oil production, which is beneficial for several health purposes. These seeds contain about 50% of oil of their total weight and 25% of protein. The oil cake received after the oil extraction is also valuable for cattle feed and organic manure. It contains 6 to 7 % of Nitrogen, 1 % of Potash, and 1 % of Phosphorus. Peanut farming is also beneficial for crop rotation.
The commercial peanut farming business is booming in India. Indian farmers can generate massive profits with this farming. So, let’s know about some management practices here.
Peanut Farming – Health Benefits
Following are the health benefits of eating peanuts.
- Groundnuts enhance the fertility of the soil.
- The consumption of groundnuts can boost your memory power.
- It can lower the blood sugar level.
- Peanut can keep you away from the depression problem and a number of cancers.
- You can be away from the gallstones problem by consuming it.
- It can boost your memory power and decrease cholesterol levels in the body.
- It is also beneficial in getting rid of the overweight problem.
- You can also lessen heart-related problems.
Other Names of Peanuts
Following are the name of peanuts in different places of India and foreign countries.
- Badam (Nepali)
- Erdnuss (German)
- Ddangkong (Korean)
- Gazryn Samar (Mongolian)
- Cacahuate (Spanish)
- pīnatsu (Japanese)
- Kaju (Sinhalese, Sri Lanka)
- Arachide (French)
- fūl sudāni (Arabic)
- Rata yer fıstığı (Turkish)
- Kikiriki (Bosnian)
- Badam (Nepali)
- Kacang Tanah (Malay)
- Arachide (Italian)
- badam-kuhi (Persian)
- Moong phalli (Hindi, Kashmiri, Panjabi)
- Bhui mug (Marathi), etc.
In addition, peanuts, Earthnuts, Monkey nuts, Goober peas, Pignuts, Pygmy nuts, and Groundnuts are the common names of peanuts.
Climate Condition for Peanut Farming
Basically, we can cultivate peanut crops in subtropical and tropical regions. It requires a long warm season and moderate rainfall during its growth period. For the high yield production, it wants sufficient sunshine along with a hot and warm atmosphere. The ideal temperature for this cultivation is between 22 °C to 32 °C.
The lower temperature during its growth can be the reason for low production rates and low quality of seeds. So, you have to ensure that it needs warm, dried, sunny and hot climate conditions, especially during the ripping stage.
Soil Requirement in Peanut Farming
Farmers can grow peanuts in any type of soil, but you have to grow them in well-drained, sandy, sandy loam soils for better production. And the light soils are more suitable for easy insertion of roots. These soils also help in the healthy development of the seeds and harvesting. You have to skip the clay soil and heavy soil because they are not suitable crops for the cultivation of peanuts. The Ph level of the soil for this cultivation is to be between 5.8 to 7.3 Ph.
For the commercial farming of peanuts, you should get a soil test for the perfect knowledge of your farm soil. It can be helpful for you because you can know everything about the soil. So you can give the perfect treatment to your farming so that the production can be maximised.
Along with this, you should prepare the land for the cultivation of the groundnuts with the help of tractors and farm implements. You can use a good mileage and powerful tractor like Mahindra 265 for the land preparation operations.
Select a Suitable Peanut Variety
Several varieties of peanuts are available in the market. You can prefer one of them according to your soil and climate. However, the basic varieties of peanuts in the market are Runner, Virginia, Spanish and Valencia. Each of them is peculiar in size, flavour and also nutritional composition. Therefore, you can select a suitable one for better yield production depending on the soil and climate.
Now you can sow the seeds for better production with the help of powerful and reasonable tractors like Mahindra 275 and others. Quality farm implements are also used for the sowing and land preparation etc.
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