Jasmine is one of the best oldest aromatic flowers. The jasmine herb used for many ideas, i.e., in a bouquet, decorating women’s hair, making garlands, sacred offerings. Jasmine is also used in the creation of perfumes and cosmetics. More than 50 types of jasmine varieties are grown in India, but only three species are used for commercial farming.
Tamil Nadu continues the no.1 position in creating jasmine in India. The flowers delivered in Tamil Nadu are exported to other countries like Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore, and the Middle East. The significant districts in Tamil Nadu that produces jasmine are Salem, Trichy, Tirunelveli, Dindigul, Madurai, Virudhunagar. Since the jasmine crop requires lots of human resources for harvesting and other operations, only small farmers are interested in cultivating the crop. Jasmine agriculture is an ideal crop for small producers where the land is to a small extent (less than 2 acres).
Jasmine Plantation climatic condition
It grows very well in well-drained, sandy loam soils, which are rich in natural matter. The ideal agro-climatic conditions for significant jasmine improvement are warm summer with ample water and sunny days with humid requirements.
Jasmine Plantation Suitable Soil
We can grow Jasmine in various soils, i.e., from clay soils to sandy loam soils with good drainage. First, create sure the soil is rich by joining organic compost or any FMY (Farm Yard Manure) for better production.
Soil Preparation of Jasmine
To control or eliminate the weeds, one or two initial ploughings required in the main field, followed by digging pits at a volume of 30 cm by 30 cm by 30 cm. Figure 10 to 12 kg of FYM to each pit before filling the pits. The best period for jasmine plantation is June-November, at a spacing of 1.5 m x 1.5 m is ideal.
Manure and Fertilizers for Jasmines
It suggested that each plant should use with 10 to 12 kg of FYM (Farm Yard Manure) and 120 g each of Phosphorus and Potassium, and 60 g of Nitrogen. This should use in two divided doses, once after annual pruning and again when the June to July season.
Jasmine Plants Water Requirement
First, irrigation should be given directly after the plantation of jasmine. Next, a water supply should be provided at 5 to10 days, depending on the weather provisions and soil type. For example, irrigation may not require during the rainy season, but soil drainage is essential.
Jasmine Crop Inter-Cultural Operations and Pruning
In Jasmine cultivation, weeding and strengthening watering channels and bunds should be part of intercultural services. We should prepare the first weeding 3 to 4 weeks after sowing the jasmine, and the following weedings should be once in 2 to 3 months. After that, training done to give the jasmine plant the desired shape, whereas pruning to achieve the expected crop production. Usually, water supply withheld before pruning and shrubs pruned by removing all past summer shoots, including dead and infected branches of jasmine. It favoured to prune the plants through the last week of November to get a better yield and quality of flowers.
Pests and Diseases of Jasmine Plants
The main Pests in the Jasmine plantation are; blossom midge, budworm, and red spider mite. Applying monocrotophos 2ml /l recommended to control and manage budworm and blossom midge. To prevent the red spider mite, using sulfur 2g / l recommended. Nematode and root rot are the main complications in jasmine cultivation.
Harvesting of Jasmine Farming
Jasmine starts opening after 6 months of farming and harvesting to take out by picking fully received unopened flower buds in the early morning. For better harvesting and productivity in agriculture, farmers choose Eicher 333 tractor model, which is durable and gives high performance.
Jasmine Flowers Marketing
Lot’s of demand for Jasmine flowers in local markets. Need not worry about marketing, and you can sell them off quickly at your farm gate. Many flower agents in India can buy in bulk. Suppling in markets, Eicher 485 is efficiently used. And comes an affordable price range.
Varieties of Jasmine
- CO 1 – This variety refers to the class Jasminum auriculatum (Jui). Flowers of this type have a long corolla device and are thus easy to store. The expected yield is 8.8 t/ha.
- CO-1 (Pitchi) – The Jasminum grandiflorum (Chameli). TNAU, Coimbatore released it. It is proper for loose flower production and oil extraction. The typical flower yield is about 10 t/ha/year, while the estimated concrete result is 29 kg/ha.
- Gundumalli – This variety goes to the species Jasminum sambac (Mogra). Flowers are round with good perfume. The standard yield of flowers is 7-8 t/ha, while the expected concrete result is 15kg/ha.
- CO 2 – This variety relates to the species Jasminum auriculatum (Jui). Flower buds of this type are bold with long corolla tubes. It is tolerant of phyllody disease. The expected yield is 11.1 t/ha.
- Parimullai – This variety belongs to the kind Jasminum auriculatum (Jui). It has a medium round bud with a flowering duration of about 9 months/year. It is contrary to gall mite. The standard yield is 8t/ha.
Stay connected with us for more related blogs.