Technology can answer most of the difficulties farmers face. It can support them with a divining climate, specifically decreasing water use and improving yield and net profit margins.
The change in Indian farming began with the Green Revolution, which follow by fulfilling important achievements. The blue revolution, white revolution, yellow and Bio-Technology changes. In India, agriculture is the centre sector for food shelter, nutritional protection, and sustainable growth & hunger.
It offers approx. 18 % of GDP and nearly 40% of total rural Net Domestic Product (NDP). Around 64% of the entire labour force involve with horticulture or agribusiness based companies. After liberation, there has been noteworthy progress in Indian farming, with grain production ascending to 273.83 million tons this year. However, there are enormous challenges to be analyzed to enhance agricultural growth in India.
Issues Related to Traditional Farming
A lot has been made to develop farming, yet at the same time, Indian farming relies on traditional growing techniques, natural waters irrigation, and construction techniques. Farmers depend on groundwaters, rivers and rains. Over-pumping of water has begun to fall in groundwater levels in several parts, where water-logging begins to salty soil. In rain-fed areas, dirt disintegration and floods are necessary risks to Indian farmers all over the land. Along with this, traditional farming did manually. But it is done by various farming machines like tractors in the modern era. Different tractor brands are available in the Indian market, such as the Mahindra tractor, used to perform agriculture tasks.
Productivity Low in Agricultural
Indian agriculture can improve farm productivity and yield. There has been a consistent choice of hybrid and genetically altered crops, seed quality, watering systems, crop diversification, and value cables. However, operating sensors and GIS-based soil, climate prediction, water assets learning, mobile-based farming, and self-regulation using robots seem unachievable.
Lack of Information
The farming community is filled with other problems as well. The most significant issue is that the farmers don’t get the price they earn for their products. This is a result of various agents. Lower returns force them to take loans that they can’t help, driving them further into failing. In addition, they don’t have access to essential and better quality pesticides to protect their crops from bugs, diseases, weeds and insects. Also, Indian producers do not have a way to increase crop yield or knowledge, including soil strength.
Indian farmers also don’t have the experience or technology to utilize modern irrigation methods as found in nations. However, technology can answer most problems farmers face. For example, it can assist them with divining climate precisely, decreasing water use, and increasing yield and their net profit margins.
Big data can give operators the knowledge they have to create high quality, excellent crops. They can use data to determine the best seeds and other agri-items to use to get ideal results. Artificial knowledge can support them with predicting weather conditions and preparing accordingly. Furthermore, they can use cutting-edge e-platforms to chop down middle people and legitimately appear at retailers and ask the right amount for their advantages.
The deployment and growth of AI in agriculture are growing because of the accessibility of precision data. Artificial intelligence-based modern and cutting-edge tools container help get accuracy to large-scale agriculture. For example, farm machinery can plant various densities of seeds. And apply varying amounts of fertilizer in several pieces of a field. While AI has grown a backbone of the tech network, a considerable number of the substantial agriculture input companies presently can’t seem to seek AI attention in working firmly. Utilizing remote sensing and GIS certificates can effectively exhibit agricultural composition.
Geo-Spatial and Nano Science Farming
Nano Science is a method that gives data to the farmers through the utilization of intelligent delivery systems and nanosensors concerning whether plants are using water and other necessary inputs in proper quantities. Moreover, it likewise gives data about the kind of food harvested. By utilizing geospatial cultivating, agricultural production can be developed on a large scale. Higher production can perform based on factors like weeds, nature of the soil and its dampness content, product (ripeness), rate of seeds, need for fertilizer and other such factors.
Technology, for example, deep knowledge, can play a crucial part in providing essential data to farmers on different issues, for example, soil health, genetic engineering of seeds, best methods for planting and picking crops, checking the health of the pets, getting guidelines and procedures, getting the right financial aid and proper government schemes to leverage.
Recently in Rajasthan, drones have finished up being important in shielding the agricultural product from locust attacks. We can change this provocation of the overall spread of the Corona pandemic into an event due to the epidemic. And there was a concern of lack of food items in the whole world. Because of this worry, a notable gap observed in stock and need since people started storing food. India can appropriate this scenario as an opportunity with the intention that it can cover the way for financial prosperity for our growers.